Presented at IEE RO-MAN Conference 2020
Marco Faroni; Stefano Ghidini; Nicola Pedrocchi (Italian National Research Council); Manuel Beschi (Università degli Studi di Brescia); Alessandro Umbrico; Andrea Orlandini; Amedeo Cesta (CNR – Institute of Cognitive Science and Technology (July 2020)
Combining task and motion planning efficiently in human-robot collaboration (HRC) entails several challenges because of the uncertainty conveyed by the human behavior. Tasks plan execution should be continuously monitored and updated based on the actual behavior of the human and the robot to maintain productivity and safety. We propose control-based approach based on two layers, i.e., task planning and action planning. Each layer reasons at a different level of abstraction: task planning considers high-level operations without taking into account their motion properties; action planning optimizes the execution of high-level operations based on current human state and geometric reasoning. The result is a hierarchical framework where the bottom layer gives feedback to top layer about the feasibility of each task, and the top layer uses this feedback to (re)optimize the process plan. The method is applied to an industrial case study in which a robot and a human worker cooperate to assemble a mosaic.